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What Causes Acne And What Are The Best Treatments For Acne?

Guide to Singapore's best treatment for active acne

Active acne is a common skin problem that can appear on the shoulders, back, chest, and face. The onset of acne typically occurs throughout adolescence. Although acne normally goes away on its own, it can occasionally persist and cause major problems with your confidence. Therefore, it is advisable to get effective acne treatments in Singapore as soon as possible, since delaying acne treatments can lead to the formation of acne scars that are even more difficult to treat.


During puberty, the skin’s sebaceous glands produce excessive amounts of sebum. (skin oil). Blackheads and whiteheads form when the sebaceous glands’ openings to the skin’s surface are frequently blocked. The fatty acids in these clogged oil glands are affected by bacteria that live on the skin’s surface. Pustules, blackheads, and, in a few rare instances, severe cysts are all symptoms of this infection.


Acne can be brought on by stress, lack of sleep, hormonal changes related to menstruation, heat and humidity, comedogenic sunscreen and cosmetics, tight clothing, and headgear. Luckily, there are effective acne treatments available in Singapore. 


Types of Acne

Every type of acne lesion requires a different course of treatment. Early, suitable treatment may reduce the risk of chronic skin conditions like (PIH) post-inflammatory scars, dark spots, and hyperpigmentation. Depending on whether it results in inflammation of the skin around it, acne is divided into two categories.


Types of Inflammatory Acne

The most prevalent non-inflammatory acne lesions are blackheads and whiteheads. 


Whiteheads, also known as comedones, are microscopic lumps or patches that resemble white or flesh-colored lesions. These can be identified by their distinctive white, sphere-like center encircled by a red halo. Sometimes a hair strand will grow from the core of a whitehead, showing the lesion the illusion that it’s trapped. Particularly if your whitehead is large or high, the skin surrounding it is more likely to appear wrinkled or strained. Fortunately, whiteheads seldom cause skin scars.


Open comedones are the term used in medicine to describe blackheads. These spots may seem like small, slightly elevated lumps and are small, black or dark in appearance. The surrounding area of the blackhead has a consistent tone, but the center portion is darker than the surrounding area. Contrary to popular belief, blackhead discoloration is not brought on by accumulated dirt. When the surface on the bump breaks, the whitehead’s contents are revealed to the air and turn dark due to oxidation.


Types of Inflammatory Acne 

When touched, these lesions feel heated, bloated, red, and inflamed. Acne with inflammation takes the form of nodules, pustules, cysts, and papules.


They resemble tiny red bumps that form beneath the skin’s surface. These lesions don’t have a visible core made up of whiteheads that seem like pus.


Pustules (Pimples) 

Larger pimples called pustules hurt when touched. Their distinct feature is a circular, well-defined center. The afflicted chamber of the hole produces the pus that is visible in the middle, which is often light or a bit yellow in color. When touched, acne pustules are frequently unpleasant and scratchy. The area of skin around the lump is frequently inflamed and red.



A persistent form of acne known as nodules is characterized by large, unsightly lumps that are firmly embedded in your skin and are inflamed. Acne nodules lack a recognizable head or center, similar to larger, deeper papules. Once clogged pores affect the deeper cells as well as tissues beneath the skin, acne lesions start to appear. The lesions may result in scarring, dark spots, and other skin problems.


Cystic Acne

The most severe kind of acne is acne cysts. They are frequently identified by pus-filled masses that are white or have a whitish color. These lumps, found deep under the epidermis, are frequently huge, tender, and uncomfortable to touch. If a cyst bursts, the infection may spread and cause more skin eruptions. If left untreated, cysts can result in scarring and other skin problems.


Singapore Treatments for Acne 

Active acne treatments in Singapore should start as soon as feasible because untreated acne typically leaves skin scarring that can be unsightly and make some acne sufferers less socially and emotionally successful.

Active acne may typically be quickly cleared up, and scar appearance improved using an array of dermal and epidermal laser treatments, as well as Carbon Laser and Microneedling, joined with topical medications like medi-facials and chemical peels.