Do you always have random acne popping out and wondering why acne occurs? Whether acne is a common skin concern or not, in this article, we will discuss how common acne occurs and what you need to know about acne.
What Is Acne?
The one skin condition that always affects people of all ages. Have you got it right? Yes, it’s acne! While acne is not a serious health threat, it can be an unwelcome guest that affects one’s physically and emotionally. Making it a key concern for those seeking a clear and blemish-free skin.
Acne, scientifically known as acne vulgaris, is a chronic skin condition that primarily affects the face but can also appear on the neck, chest, back, and shoulders. It can be categorized into various types of blemishes, including pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, and nodules. Acne is often linked to the teenage years, as hormonal fluctuations during puberty can worsen the condition. However, this concern can also persist into adulthood, affecting individuals of all ages.
Is Acne Common?
Acne is undeniably common. In fact, adult acne is pretty common and affects a significant portion of the population. Studies have shown that acne can persist into a person’s 30s, 40s, and even beyond.
Acne is an equal-opportunity skin condition. While it may seem that acne affects one gender over the other, both males and females are prone to this skin condition. Acne tends to affect males more severely, as they typically have higher androgen levels. However, adult acne is more prevalent in females due to hormonal fluctuations such as menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause.
Types Of Acne
Whiteheads: Whiteheads are clogged hair follicles that remain closed at the surface. They appear as small, flesh-colored bumps with a white center.
Blackheads: Blackheads are clogged hair follicles that remain open at the surface. The black color is not dirt but a result of the follicle’s contents oxidizing when exposed to the air.
Papules: Papules are small, raised, red bumps that may be tender to the touch. They do not contain pus but are often the precursor to pustules.
Pustules: Pustules are pimples that contain pus. They are characterized by a white or yellow center surrounded by red, inflamed skin.
Nodules: Nodules are large, solid, painful lumps that develop beneath the skin’s surface. They are deeper and more severe than most other forms of acne.
Cysts: Cysts are also deep, painful lumps that contain pus. They are often the most severe form of acne and can result in scarring.
Why Acne Occurs?
Understanding the triggers to acne can help you to better manage and reduce the frequency and severity of acne flare-ups. Common acne triggers include:
Hormonal changes such as menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause can trigger acne, usually due to the fluctuations in androgen hormones which stimulate sebaceous glands.
Stress can worsen acne by stimulating sebum production. Additionally, stress can lead to poor lifestyle choices, such as unhealthy eating habits and disrupted sleep patterns, which can further exacerbate acne.
While the relationship between diet and acne varies, some individuals may find that certain foods, such as high-glycemic-index foods and dairy products, worsen their acne. Maintaining a balanced diet can help minimize potential triggers.
Using the wrong skincare products, especially those that are comedogenic (pore-clogging), can exacerbate acne. Opt for non-comedogenic products and avoid heavy, oil-based cosmetics.
Some medications, such as corticosteroids and certain oral contraceptives, can trigger acne as a side effect. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider if you suspect a medication may be contributing to your acne.
Exposure to pollutants and high humidity can aggravate acne. Ensuring proper skin care and protection against environmental factors can help mitigate these triggers.
What Happens Once An Acne Heals?
After acne heals, the body works to repair the damage caused by the acne blemish. However, in some cases, the healing process can lead to acne scars.
These scars are a result of an imbalance in the body’s natural healing mechanisms. When there’s a lack of collagen production during the healing process, it can lead to atrophic scars, which are characterised by depressions or pits in the skin.
On the other hand, an excess of collagen can result in hypertrophic scars, which appear raised and lumpy.
Types Of Acne Scars
Ice Pick Scars:
Deep, narrow scars resembling small, V-shaped punctures.
Wider depressions with well-defined edges, creating a box-like appearance.
Shallow, wide depressions with a rolling or undulating appearance.
Raised scars, often appearing as thick, lumpy masses of tissue.
Similar to hypertrophic scars but extend beyond the original blemish area and can continue to grow.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Temporary skin discolorations left behind after a blemish heals, characterized by darker pigmentation in the affected area.
Ways To Remove Acne Scars
Pico Laser is a versatile solution for addressing a range of acne scars, including atrophic scars known as depressions, and hypertrophic or keloid scars that are raised.
The treatment uses ultra-short pulses of laser energy in picoseconds to treat the scars, delivering rapid and precise bursts of energy to the targeted area.
For atrophic scars, which are characterised by depressions, Pico Laser works by breaking down the pigment within the scar tissue, effectively reducing its appearance.
Simultaneously, it promotes collagen production, which aids in filling in the depressions and smoothing the skin’s texture.
Pico Laser For Acne Scars
One of the advantages of Pico Laser is its non-invasive traits, making it a treatment that only has minimal downtime and discomfort.
Following a Pico Laser session, it’s common to have some mild redness and swelling in the treated area, which typically subsides within a few hours to a day.
This means that you can usually return to your regular daily activities almost immediately after the procedure.
Where To Have Pico Laser In Singapore?
Pico Laser has become the ultimate solution to get rid of acne scars, the treatment that helps boost your confidence for a radiant-looking complexion.
At V Medical Aesthetics Clinic, you can get to experience a safe and effective Pico Laser treatment so that you don’t have to be bothered by acne scars anymore!
Schedule a consultation today and start your journey today.
This blog post was medically reviewed by Dr. Ian Tan.